A quick reference guide for all the cannabis terminology you may be hearing out there...
The aromatic oils that give plants their unique scents. These compounds are known to carry an array of medicinal benefits also including modulating mood (aromatherapy) and increasing well-being.
Short for Cannabidiol, a major cannabinoid found in cannabis. Unlike its cousin THC, this cannabinoid is non-intoxicating (won’t get you high) and affects the body, not the mind. Think of CBD as a molecule that brings harmony back to the skin and body, it’s used to soothe distressed skin and restore its natural bliss.
CBD extract that has retained the other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other compounds from the plant, including a small amount of THC (< 0.3%)
Just like full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum extract contains minor cannabinoids, flavonoids, and usually a fair amount of terpenes, but has all of the residual THC removed from it, leaving 0% THC.
Or “disty”, is the word for CBD extract in its more crude form, this includes Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum CBD and is very thick and sticky, like a dark honey.
Pure, white, powdery CBD isolate is produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavonoids, plant parts, and other cannabinoids, leaving about 99.9% crystalline CBD.
The non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid, cannabigerol is an adaptogenic molecule and is the “parent molecule" from which several other cannabinoids are made. It has been making headlines for its numerous reported health benefits.
Hemp seed oil
The dark green, nutty flavored oil that comes from pressing hemp seeds. It is a very nutritive seed oil that’s high in antioxidants, omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, but contains no cannabinoids, no CBD, THC, CBN, etc. Hemp seed oil has been available in health food stores for decades and abundantly present in smoothies and skin care.
Although they sound like they’d be responsible for flavors, they are actually responsible for the rainbow of colors found in nature! They may have medicinal benefits as well and are being studied for potential antioxidant, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties.
Cannabinoids produced by the body (Anandamide and 2-AG are the ones we know of at the moment). They act as neuromodulators to regulate various systems in the body.
Cannabinoids produced by plants, as opposed to those produced by the body (endocannabinoids) or synthetically. They are capable of either interacting with cannabinoid receptors or are chemical similarity to cannabinoids. *Fun fact the cannabis plant is not the only plant that makes cannabinoids - echinacea, red ginseng, carrots, and cruciferous vegetables can too!
The biological system whose purpose is to maintain balance in the body, through a network of neurotransmitters, receptors, and enzymes. The ECS helps regulate basic bodily functions that affect how we relax, eat, sleep, sweat, forget, and protect.
The theory that cannabinoids and terpenes work best together! Whole plant extractions typically include CBD, THC, and more than 400 trace compounds. The entourage effect proposes a synergistic relationship between the active compounds like cannabinoids and terpenes, and suggests that their relationship leads to enhanced benefits than if they were used solo.
Whole plant medicine
Studies have shown that the therapeutic benefits of the plant’s individual components are magnified when they stay together, so that the medicinal impact of the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts.
Also called psychotropic, is a term for chemical substances that change a person's mental state by affecting their perceptions, moods, and/or consciousness. Alcohol, caffeine, THC, magic mushrooms, etc.
*Terpene benefits are “known” therapeutic benefits and are not meant to be interpreted as drug claims approved by the FDA.